Annie Smith Peck, who was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1850, was a remarkable female pioneer in a wide variety of fields, but is best known in Peru for the first ascent of its highest mountain, at the age of 58.
Carlos Fitzcarrald was born to an Irish-American father and Peruvian mother in 1867, and raised in the city of Iquitos, which became the heart of the Rubber Boom.
Venturing deep into the Amazon in the 1890s, Fitzcarrald discovered a trove of rubber trees in the region of Madre de Dios that now holds Manu National Park.
In 2003, Peru created El Dia Nacional del Pisco Sour (National Pisco Sour Day), an annual public holiday on the first Saturday of February, celebrating the tangy, sweet - and undeniably intoxicating - Peruvian cocktail, which is both delicious and addictive!
This concoction of Pisco, lemon juice, egg white and sugar syrup liquidized, and served with a dash of Angostura bitters, has a long history dating back to the arrival of the Spanish in the Americas.
To date, 94 people have died, and an estimated 700,000 have been left homeless, as a direct result of the landslides and flooding, brought on by unusually heavy rains on the Western side of the Andes.
What, then, is causing all this destruction? To understand this, we need to look at Peru's coastal climate which, in a similar way to southern California, blends strong desert and offshore influences.
Descended from North African and Spanish stock, caballos de Paso are mid-sized horses bred for sure-footedness and comfort, not for speed. Unlike trotting breeds, Paso horses pace smoothly with little up-and- down movement, resulting in an exceptionally comfortable ride. As a result, they are tough and well-suited to demanding trips into the rough, dry, and expansive western Andes. Today, they are considered the smoothest saddle horses in the world.
With countless waterways descending from the mighty Andes mountains towards the Pacific coast, or into the Amazon basin, Peru has a multitude of options for white-water rafting which, in the words of Donald Trump, are 'very, very tremendous. Really tremendous'.
Here are some of the better known, going roughly from North to South, all of which can be arranged by PeruNorth
The Matses Reserve covers an area of 4,206 km² (420,735 hectares) in Peru's Loreto province, and forms part of a cross-border biological corridor with the Sierra del Divisor National Park in Peru and the Serra do Divisor, Alto Jurua and Alto Tarauaca reserves in Brazil.
One of the stated objectives of the Reserve is to allow the indigenous people - the Matses - to continue to live in their traditional manner, adapted to the jungle environment they have called home for centuries and exploiting its resources in a sustainable manner.
Most of Trujillo’s wonderful Colonial and Republican buildings are to be found within a few blocks of the central square, the Plaza de Armas, and so it makes an ideal location to explore on foot.
Please note that many of the noteworthy establishments are privately-owned, and lack regular opening hours, so a stroll through this historic town requires a sense of flexibility and adventure.